News > Flashback

Fort Worth Flashback: Dr. Ransom safeguarded health of black residents

Posted Feb. 22, 2013

In honor of Black History Month, each week in February Fort Worth Flashback will take a look at the role of African-American residents in our city’s history.

130225_FLASHBACK_Ransom_vertical.jpg

Dr. Riley Andrew Ransom Sr.

Dr. Riley Andrew Ransom Sr. founded the first hospital for blacks in Fort Worth.

After receiving his medical license in Oklahoma City in 1909, Ransom started his medical practice in Brooksville, Okla., where he worked for five years. In 1914, Ransom moved to Gainesville, where he established the Booker T. Washington Sanitarium. At that time Ransom was one of only 16 black doctors in Texas.

In 1918, Ransom moved the hospital to Fort Worth and added a Nurses’ Training School. The hospital was the first 20-bed facility for blacks in Texas. It was also one of only three black-owned hospitals in the U.S. accredited by the American Medical Association.

Booker T. Washington Hospital was known for its state-of-the-art medical equipment, fully equipped laboratory, a dining room, onsite food preparation area and nurses’ quarters. Between 1925 and 1928 the facility was known as the Negro Baptist Hospital. In 1928 the name was changed to the Fort Worth Negro Hospital, and in 1938 Ransom renamed it the Ethel Ransom Memorial Hospital, in memory of his deceased wife.

Ransom died on Jan. 4, 1951, in Houston. He was 64. His work in Fort Worth was continued by his son, Dr. Riley A. Ransom Jr. Ransom Memorial Hospital continued to serve the Fort Worth black community until it closed in 1949.

The Fort Worth Library has approximately 10,000 items pertaining to the history of Fort Worth and Tarrant County. These items include city and county government documents, newspapers, directories, cemetery association records, maps as well as popular and scholarly books written by local authors or about local subjects. To learn more, call 817-392-7740 or email the Genealogy, History and Archives Section.

City News

Calendar

Shaping Your Policy and Company Culture with Employee Handbooks: 11:30 a.m. May 28, 2019; James Guinn Entrepreneurial Campus, 1150 South Freeway.
Register for this event »

Operations Committee Meeting: 12:40 p.m. May 28, 2019; DFW Airport Headquarters Building, Board Room, 2400 Aviation Drive.
View the agenda »

City Council Called Special Meeting: 1 p.m. May 28, 2019; City Council Chamber, City Hall, 200 Texas St.
View the agenda »

Finance/Audit Committee Meeting: 1 p.m. May 28, 2019; DFW Airport Headquarters Building, Board Room, 2400 Aviation Drive.
View the agenda »

Concessions/Commercial Development Committee Meeting: 1:10 p.m. May 28, 2019; DFW Airport Headquarters Building, Board Room, 2400 Aviation Drive.
View the agenda »

Executive Compensation Committee Meeting: 1:20 p.m. May 28, 2019; DFW Airport Headquarters Building, Board Room, 2400 Aviation Drive.
View the agenda »

Canceled City Council Work Session : 3 p.m. May 28, 2019; City Council Conference Room 290, Second Floor, City Hall, 200 Texas Street.

Civil Service Commission Meeting: 6 p.m. May 28, 2019; Bob Bolen Public Safety Complex, Auditorium, 505 W. Felix St.
View the agenda »

Your Historic and Replacement Windows Workshop: 6 p.m. May 28, 2019; Hazel Harvey Peace Center for Neighborhoods, 818 Misouri Ave.

Canceled City Council Meeting: 7 p.m. May 28, 2019; City Council Chambers, Second Floor, City Hall, 200 Texas Street.

Fort Worth Sports Authority Board Meeting: 2 p.m. May 29, 2019; Fort Worth Convention Center, Executive Board Room, 1201 Houston Street.
View the agenda »

Carroll Street Intersections Project Meeting: 6 p.m. May 29, 2019; University of North Texas Health Science Center, Carl E. Everett Education & Administration Building, Room 506, 3500 Camp Bowie Boulevard.

Dallas Fort Worth International Airport Board Meeting: 8:30 a.m. May 30, 2019; DFW Airport Headquarters Building, Board Room, 2400 Aviation Drive.
View the agenda »

South Hills Street Maintenance Project Meeting: 6 p.m. May 30, 2019; South Hills Christian Church, 3200 Bilglade Road.

Deferred Compensation Committee Meeting: 9 a.m. May 31, 2019; Fort Worth Credit Union Board Room, 2309 Montgomery St.
View the agenda »

View the full city calendar and current meetings.