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Fort Worth Flashback: Dr. Ransom safeguarded health of black residents

Posted Feb. 22, 2013

In honor of Black History Month, each week in February Fort Worth Flashback will take a look at the role of African-American residents in our city’s history.

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Dr. Riley Andrew Ransom Sr.

Dr. Riley Andrew Ransom Sr. founded the first hospital for blacks in Fort Worth.

After receiving his medical license in Oklahoma City in 1909, Ransom started his medical practice in Brooksville, Okla., where he worked for five years. In 1914, Ransom moved to Gainesville, where he established the Booker T. Washington Sanitarium. At that time Ransom was one of only 16 black doctors in Texas.

In 1918, Ransom moved the hospital to Fort Worth and added a Nurses’ Training School. The hospital was the first 20-bed facility for blacks in Texas. It was also one of only three black-owned hospitals in the U.S. accredited by the American Medical Association.

Booker T. Washington Hospital was known for its state-of-the-art medical equipment, fully equipped laboratory, a dining room, onsite food preparation area and nurses’ quarters. Between 1925 and 1928 the facility was known as the Negro Baptist Hospital. In 1928 the name was changed to the Fort Worth Negro Hospital, and in 1938 Ransom renamed it the Ethel Ransom Memorial Hospital, in memory of his deceased wife.

Ransom died on Jan. 4, 1951, in Houston. He was 64. His work in Fort Worth was continued by his son, Dr. Riley A. Ransom Jr. Ransom Memorial Hospital continued to serve the Fort Worth black community until it closed in 1949.

The Fort Worth Library has approximately 10,000 items pertaining to the history of Fort Worth and Tarrant County. These items include city and county government documents, newspapers, directories, cemetery association records, maps as well as popular and scholarly books written by local authors or about local subjects. To learn more, call 817-392-7740 or email the Genealogy, History and Archives Section.

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Business Model Canvas-Your Tool for Launching A Business in 2020: 10 a.m. Jan. 21, 2020; Fort Worth Business Assistance Center, 1150 South Freeway, Fort Worth Texas 76104.
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Canceled Fort Worth Local Development Corporation: 2 p.m. Jan. 21, 2020; City COuncil COnference Room 290, 2nd Floor, City Hall, 200 Texas St.

Canceled Central City Local Government Corporation: 2 p.m. Jan. 21, 2020; City Council Conference Room 290, City Hall, 200 Texas Street.

Canceled AllianceAirport Authority, Inc.: 2 p.m. Jan. 21, 2020; City Council Conference Room 290, City Hall, 200 Texas Street.

Canceled Lone Star Local Government Corporation Meeting: 2 p.m. Jan. 21, 2020; City Council Conference Room 290, City Hall, 200 Texas St.

Canceled City Council Work Session: 3 p.m. Jan. 21, 2020; City Council Conference Room 290, 2nd Floor, City Hall, 200 Texas St.

Canceled City Council Meeting: 7 p.m. Jan. 21, 2020; City Council Chambers, 2nd Floor, City Hall, 200 Texas St.

Fort Worth Public Improvement District No. 1 Advisory Board Meeting: 9 a.m. Jan. 22, 2020; Downtown Fort Worth Inc., Suite 100, 777 Taylor St.
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Metropolitan Area EMS Authority D/B/A MedStar Mobile Healthcare Board of Directors Meeting: 10 a.m. Jan. 22, 2020; MedStar Mobile Healthcare, 2900 Alta Mere Drive.
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City Plan Commission Work Session: noon Jan. 22, 2020; City Council Conference Room 290, 2nd Floor, City Hall, 200 Texas St.
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City Plan Commission Public Hearing: 1:30 p.m. Jan. 22, 2020; City Council Chamber, 2nd Floor, City Hall, 200 Texas St.
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Park & Recreation Advisory Board: 4 p.m. Jan. 22, 2020; Greenbriar Community Center, 5200 Hemphill St.
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City of Fort Worth Art Commission Special Called Meeting: 5 p.m. Jan. 22, 2020; Fort Worth Botanic Garden Center, Iris Room, 3220 Botanic Garden Blvd.
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Family Game Night at Southwest Community Center: 6 p.m. Jan. 22, 2020; Southwest Community Center, 6300 Welch Ave.

Sendera Ranch Intersection Improvements Project Meeting: 7 p.m. Jan. 22, 2020; Sendera Ranch Elementary School, 1216 Diamondback Lane.

Emergency Physicians Advisory Board : 12:30 p.m. Jan. 23, 2020; TCMS Building, 3rd Floor, 555 Hemphill.
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Lake Arlington Lift Station Force Main Project Meeting: 6 p.m. Jan. 23, 2020; Tarrant County College Opportunity Center, 5901 Fitzhugh Ave.

Municipal Court Hearing: 8:30 a.m. Jan. 24, 2020; Municipal Court, Court No. 9, 3741 Southwest Loop 820.
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Federal Contracting and Certification Workshop: 9 a.m. Jan. 25, 2020; Fort Worth Business Assistance Center, 1150 South Freeway, Fort Worth Texas, 76104.
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Presentations and Pitches Bootcamp: 9 a.m. Jan. 25, 2020; Fort Worth Business Assistance Center, 1150 South Freeway, Fort Worth Texas, 76104.
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Opening Doors to Homeownership: 10 a.m. Jan. 25, 2020; Sweet Home Baptist Church, 5225 Ramey Ave.

Chinese New Year Celebration at Fire Station Community Center: 11 a.m. Jan. 25, 2020; Fire Station Community Center, 1601 Lipscomb.

View the full city calendar and current meetings.