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Fort Worth Flashback: Dr. Ransom safeguarded health of black residents

Posted Feb. 22, 2013

In honor of Black History Month, each week in February Fort Worth Flashback will take a look at the role of African-American residents in our city’s history.

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Dr. Riley Andrew Ransom Sr.

Dr. Riley Andrew Ransom Sr. founded the first hospital for blacks in Fort Worth.

After receiving his medical license in Oklahoma City in 1909, Ransom started his medical practice in Brooksville, Okla., where he worked for five years. In 1914, Ransom moved to Gainesville, where he established the Booker T. Washington Sanitarium. At that time Ransom was one of only 16 black doctors in Texas.

In 1918, Ransom moved the hospital to Fort Worth and added a Nurses’ Training School. The hospital was the first 20-bed facility for blacks in Texas. It was also one of only three black-owned hospitals in the U.S. accredited by the American Medical Association.

Booker T. Washington Hospital was known for its state-of-the-art medical equipment, fully equipped laboratory, a dining room, onsite food preparation area and nurses’ quarters. Between 1925 and 1928 the facility was known as the Negro Baptist Hospital. In 1928 the name was changed to the Fort Worth Negro Hospital, and in 1938 Ransom renamed it the Ethel Ransom Memorial Hospital, in memory of his deceased wife.

Ransom died on Jan. 4, 1951, in Houston. He was 64. His work in Fort Worth was continued by his son, Dr. Riley A. Ransom Jr. Ransom Memorial Hospital continued to serve the Fort Worth black community until it closed in 1949.

The Fort Worth Library has approximately 10,000 items pertaining to the history of Fort Worth and Tarrant County. These items include city and county government documents, newspapers, directories, cemetery association records, maps as well as popular and scholarly books written by local authors or about local subjects. To learn more, call 817-392-7740 or email the Genealogy, History and Archives Section.

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Canceled Audit Committee: 1 p.m. July 16, 2019; City Council Conference Room 290, City Hall, 200 Texas St.

Canceled Infrastructure and Transportation Committee: 2 p.m. July 16, 2019; City Council Conference Room 290, City Hall, 200 Texas St.

Canceled City Council Work Session: 3 p.m. July 16, 2019; City Council Conference Room 290, Second Floor, City Hall, 200 Texas Street.

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Canceled City Council Meeting: 7 p.m. July 16, 2019; City Council Chambers, Second Floor, City Hall, 200 Texas Street.

Commercial Board of Adjustment Work Session: 9 a.m. July 17, 2019; City Coucil Conference Room 290, City Hall, 200 Texas St.
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Commercial Board of Adjustment Public Hearing: 10 a.m. July 17, 2019; City Council Conference Room 290, City Hall, 200 Texas St.
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Toddler's Day Out at Hillside Community Center: 10 a.m. July 17, 2019; Hillside Community Center, 1201 E. Maddox .

Residential Board of Adjustment Work Session: 12:30 p.m. July 17, 2019; City Council Conference Room 290, City Hall, 200 Texas St.
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Resitential Board of Adjustment Public Hearing: 1:30 p.m. July 17, 2019; City Council Conference Room 290, City Hall, 200 Texas St.
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Urban Design Commission Public Hearing: 10 a.m. July 18, 2019; City Council Work Room, 2nd Floor, City Hall, 200 Texas St.
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Fort Worth Housing Solutions Board of Commissioners Regular Meeting: 5 p.m. July 18, 2019; FWHS Administrative Office Board Room, 1201 East 13th St.
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National Rev Up Campaign - Lunch and Learn: 11:30 a.m. July 19, 2019; Hazel Harvey Peace Center for Neighborhoods, Room 201 A-B, 818 Missouri Ave.
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Community Engagement Summer Workshop: 9:30 a.m. July 20, 2019; The University of Texas at Arlington Research Institute (UTARI), 7300 Jack Newell Blvd S..
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Christmas in July at Highland Hills Community Center: 10 a.m. July 20, 2019; Highland Hills Community Center, 1600 Glasgow Rd..

Compost 101: 1 p.m. July 20, 2019; Sycamore Community Center, 2525 E Rosedale St.
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Summer Music Series at Forest Park Pool: 6 p.m. July 20, 2019; Forest Park Pool, 2850 Park Place.

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