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Fort Worth Flashback: Dr. Ransom safeguarded health of black residents

Posted Feb. 22, 2013

In honor of Black History Month, each week in February Fort Worth Flashback will take a look at the role of African-American residents in our city’s history.

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Dr. Riley Andrew Ransom Sr.

Dr. Riley Andrew Ransom Sr. founded the first hospital for blacks in Fort Worth.

After receiving his medical license in Oklahoma City in 1909, Ransom started his medical practice in Brooksville, Okla., where he worked for five years. In 1914, Ransom moved to Gainesville, where he established the Booker T. Washington Sanitarium. At that time Ransom was one of only 16 black doctors in Texas.

In 1918, Ransom moved the hospital to Fort Worth and added a Nurses’ Training School. The hospital was the first 20-bed facility for blacks in Texas. It was also one of only three black-owned hospitals in the U.S. accredited by the American Medical Association.

Booker T. Washington Hospital was known for its state-of-the-art medical equipment, fully equipped laboratory, a dining room, onsite food preparation area and nurses’ quarters. Between 1925 and 1928 the facility was known as the Negro Baptist Hospital. In 1928 the name was changed to the Fort Worth Negro Hospital, and in 1938 Ransom renamed it the Ethel Ransom Memorial Hospital, in memory of his deceased wife.

Ransom died on Jan. 4, 1951, in Houston. He was 64. His work in Fort Worth was continued by his son, Dr. Riley A. Ransom Jr. Ransom Memorial Hospital continued to serve the Fort Worth black community until it closed in 1949.

The Fort Worth Library has approximately 10,000 items pertaining to the history of Fort Worth and Tarrant County. These items include city and county government documents, newspapers, directories, cemetery association records, maps as well as popular and scholarly books written by local authors or about local subjects. To learn more, call 817-392-7740 or email the Genealogy, History and Archives Section.

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Canceled Trinity Metro Board of Directors Committee Meeting: 3 p.m. Aug. 17, 2020; Trinity Metro.
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District 9 Town Hall - 2021 Budget: 6:30 p.m. Aug. 17, 2020; WebEx and Online.
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City Council Work Session: 8:30 a.m. Aug. 18, 2020; City Council Conference Room 290, 2nd Floor, City Hall, 200 Texas St.
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City Council Meeting: 10 a.m. Aug. 18, 2020; City Council Chambers, 2nd Floor, City Hall, 200 Texas St.
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Notice of Public Hearing to consider amendments to the Trust Agreement for the Fort Worth Permanent Fund: 10 a.m. Aug. 18, 2020; City Council Chambers, 2nd Floor, City Hall, 200 Texas St.
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AllianceAirport Authority: 1 p.m. Aug. 18, 2020; City Council Chambers, 2nd Floor, City Hall, 200 Texas St.
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Central City Local Government Corporation: 1 p.m. Aug. 18, 2020; City Council Chambers, 2nd Floor, City Hall, 200 Texas St.
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Fort Worth Local Development Corporation: 1 p.m. Aug. 18, 2020; City Council Chambers, 2nd Floor, City Hall, 200 Texas St.
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Fort Worth Crime Control and Prevention District Board of Directors Quarterly Meeting: 2 p.m. Aug. 18, 2020; City Council Chambers, 2nd Floor, City Hall, 200 Texas St.
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Crime Control Prevention District Public Hearing: 2 p.m. Aug. 18, 2020; City Hall, 200 Texas St.

Commercial and Residential Boards of Adjustment Public Hearing: 9 a.m. Aug. 19, 2020; WebEx.
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Appeal of Promotional Bypass of Kenyon Willingham: 9 a.m. Aug. 19, 2020; Bob Bolen Public Safety Complex Classroom 1134, 505 W. Felix St.
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Financial Empowerment Workshop: 1 p.m. Aug. 19, 2020; online webinar.
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Get Your Business on Google Search & Maps: 2 p.m. Aug. 19, 2020; Online.
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Grow With Google: Get Your Local Business on Google Search and Maps: 2 p.m. Aug. 19, 2020; Online.
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District 5 Town Hall - 2021 Budget: 6:30 p.m. Aug. 19, 2020; City Hall, 200 Texas St.
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District 8 Town Hall - 2021 Budget: 6:30 p.m. Aug. 19, 2020; City Hall, 200 Texas St.
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Budget Workshop: Aug. 20, 2020; City Council Conference Room 290, 2nd Floor, City Hall, 200 Texas St.
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Appeal of Promotional Bypass of Kenyon Willingham: 9 a.m. Aug. 20, 2020; Bob Bolen Public Safety Complex Classroom 1134, 505 W Felix St.
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Crime-Free Multi-Housing Workshop: 9 a.m. Aug. 20, 2020; East Division Head-Quarters, 1100 Nashville.

Fort Worth Housing Solutions Board of Commissioners Meeting: 5 p.m. Aug. 20, 2020; FWHS Administrative Office, 1201 East 13th St.
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Fort Worth Affordability, Inc.: 5 p.m. Aug. 20, 2020; FWHS Administravtive Office, 1201 East 13th St.
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Cavile Public Facility Corporation: 5 p.m. Aug. 20, 2020; FWHS Administrative Office, 1201 East 13th St.
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Gateway Public Facility Corporation: 5 p.m. Aug. 20, 2020; FWHS Administravtive Office, 1201 East 13th St.
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Chisholm V Corporation: 5 p.m. Aug. 20, 2020; FWHS Administrative Office, 1201 East 13th St.
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Sycamore Housing, Inc.: 5 p.m. Aug. 20, 2020; FWHS Administrative Office, 1201 East 13th St.
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Stallion Pointe Facility Corporation: 5 p.m. Aug. 20, 2020; FWHS Administrative Office, 1201 East 13th St.
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Fair Park Public Facility Corporation: 5 p.m. Aug. 20, 2020; FWHS Administrative Office, 1201 East 13th St.
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Fair Oaks Public Facility Corporation: 5 p.m. Aug. 20, 2020; FWHS Admministrative Office, 1201 East 13th St.
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Fort Worth Public Library Advisory Board Meeting: 6:30 p.m. Aug. 20, 2020; WebEx.
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